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Women's Health Awareness

Alright, alright, alright! Another week here but this month (Mayyyy) is known as Women’s Health & Mental Health Awareness month. It’s only fitting we talk about some of the things that our job revolves around and that’s preventative medicine. We love preventative medicine period from anti aging to diseases. In this episode we briefly go over all the basic preventative services for women of all age groups and add in a few general things everyone should be doing no matter what sex you are.


So screening guidelines are super important and a big part of our practice. If you haven't listened to episode CLICK HERE then come back for some shownotes. Let's get right into some of the most applicable ones on this pod:


Breast Cancer

  • Screening should begin at age 50 with a mammogram and continue every other year until 74

  • Exceptions (may need earlier screening): positive family history, carriers of the BRCA gene, or findings of a new lump

  • If you are younger than 35 you will likely need both an ultrasound and a mammogram (due to the increased density of the breasts)

Cervical Cancer

  • Screening begins at age 21 (age of onset of sexual activity does not matter here)

  • Between 21-30 years of age a pap smear is done every three years (given your pap is normal)

  • If you are greater than 30 you have the option of a pap smear every 3 years (as above) or a pap smear plus HPV co-testing every 5 years

  • Don't forget about the HPV vaccine! It is a quadrivalent vaccine that you take at 0, 2 and 6 months (3 doses total) that covers you against the most common strains known to cause genital warts and cervical cancer

Prenatal

  • Folic acid daily supplements is major in the prenatal world and is crucial for women that are planning on becoming pregnant

  • Recommended dosage is 0.4 to 0.8 mg/day


Breast feeding

  • If you're a new mom or planning on being a mom, breastfeeding is key!

  • It helps with bonding as well as, overall health for you and your baby

  • Breastfeeding has been shown to reduce risk of ovarian and breast cancer

  • It has also been shown to reduce the risk of infections in the newborn


Obesity/Diabetes

  • Huge issue right now especially in the Western World

  • If you suffer from diabetes proper blood sugar checks are crucial (to know if you are or aren't well controlled and important for treatment adjustments as well as, effectiveness)

  • Diet and Exercise

  • Annual cholesterol monitoring

  • Blood pressure monitoring as part of your regular checkup and at home personal checks if you suffer from elevated blood pressure or hypertension


Colon Cancer

  • Screening starting at age 50 with a colonoscopy

  • Exceptions: family history, multiple polyps, genetic predisposition

  • Surveillance is typically done every 10 years unless specific polyps are found that would require you to return sooner

  • Note: there are other screening methods at this time however, none have been determined as effective. These options include FIT testing, flexible sigmoidoscopy and Cologuard (DNA) testing. Surveillance times differ with these tests.


Depression

  • Screening for depression and mental health in general is one of the most important things especially in today's environment

  • Screening yourself as well as, by your physician allows for issues to be caught early on and managed sooner!

STD Screening

  • Should be conducted for all sexually active women

  • Screening for chlamydia is recommended for women age 24 or younger

  • It is also recommended for older age groups with risk factors for STDs

  • PRACTICE SAFE SEX


Osteoporosis

  • Screening for osteoporosis starting at age 65 via a DEXA (bone) scan

  • Make sure to have adequate calcium and vitamin D intake

  • Sun exposure is key for Vitamin D (health doses of course)

  • Exercise to keep your bones strong

  • Kids... DRINK YOUR MILK.


Lung Cancer

  • NO BRAINER: DON'T SMOKE

  • Screening with low dose CT scans is an option for older adults with an extensive smoking history


The list goes on and on but the moral of the story is that this is the typical framework for annual screening. Skin is another important topic so annual skin checks especially in people with fair skin is important. Look at your skin and assess for any changes.


The Takeaway

  • Stay healthy

  • Go to your doctor

  • Be in charge of your health

  • Get an annual physical

  • Get genetic testing (if feasible)

  • Tell your doctor about your personal and family history

Help us, Help YOU

Secret Tip

Visit Women's Health to find the most up to date information of what you should do for your health


That's all for this week, don't forget to leave us feedback, rate, review, subscribe and send in your questions so we can continue to improve as well as, provide you high quality content.


Disclaimer: The Content on our podcast/website is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on this website.




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